Galicia, the unique Celtic Country non Celtic speaker, the Mother Land, the Caileach Land, the Keltia, the Land of Death of the International Celtic Mithology, was re-discovered by the Atlantic Celtic community in the last years, and the Celtic issue increased into the interests of Administrations and nowadays constitutes a tourist destination.
Until the beginning of Modern Age, Galiciawas considered the World´s End, the Finisterrae, last frontier. That´s the reason why James the Son of the Thunder, Boanerges, was buried in its land, the most Western coast of the world. We must to take into account that the Christian Church buried the three main apostles in special places around the world: Peter in Rome Caput Mundi; John in Jerusalem Holly Land; and James in Santiago de Compostela, holly land as well, and Finisterre.
The fact of being the western point of the continent, the mythical End of the World gives Galiciaa great relevance into the Celtic World and international Celtic Religion. Today the Land of the Death constitutes the goal of the most important pilgrimage way, The St.James Way, but we found its oldest origines thousands years before.
-THE INTERNATIONAL CELTIC RELIGION. LAND OF DEATH, LAND OF LIFE. Independently the fact of the existence of the various local gods and goddesses, we know today that there were an international common celtic religion, performed by a professional group (druids, abbas) and may be an international liturgical common celtic language. Its religion has a solar nature and it´s monotheist: one God (Sun-Dagda, Taranis) linked with a female (Mother Godess, Caileach, Morrigan, Moura) with three different steps represented into the celtic triskelion, and four special festivities: Imbolc, Beltene, Lugnasad and Samhain. The solar discus rises into the East and dies (Dying God) into the West, into the Western Coast, into the Coast of Death of the Sun, beyond the Mare Tenebrossum. So, the Avallon, the Celtic Paradise, the Galician Alén, the Underworld, it´s situated behind the Ocean, and its rocky Western cliffs over the Atlantic are like a real shuttles for the souls of the celts in their travel to the Paradise after death. The Voyage of Saint Brendan of Ireland or San Amaro of Galicia towards the Paradise were towards the West beyond the sea. Bares, Teixido, Corunna, Finisterre, Donón…are headlands or capes over the Atlantic and goals of milenary pagan first and then Christian religious pilgrimages. And, the most important, from its promontories its possible to see the amazing Death, the sinking of the Solar Discus each and every evening. So, if we look at the annual calendar, is in its Western coast where is possible to confirm the end of the Second Step or the End of the Celtic Year, the Samhain, the day where the borderline between the world of Death and the world of Life is open.
-THE CELTIC LEGEND. Galicia is the O´Brian, Bregon, Breogan´s home. Acording the Irish Legendary Cicle, recording from the Middle Ages of milenary tales, specially the Book of Invasions, Bregon discovered the green line of the Irish coast beyond the sea from the top of his tower in Brigantia (Corunna). Acording the same legend, after the death of Ith, Milled, who has been in the service of Bregon, conqueredIreland with his troops, the Milesians, the firt historical Celtic People of the island. After the conquest, the Romans named the O´Brian´s tower theHerculesTower, settled in Corunna, declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Scholars know that Hercules is the wanderer heroe (like the Irish Setanta, the gaulish Ogmios, the Galician Bandua or the Roman Mercury) who reached the top West using the boat of the Sun (Symbol christianized under the form of a chalice-boat and a host-sun, represented in the coat of arms ofGalicia).
The memory of its origines still stands in times of the last Celtic Counts generation. After the defeat of the Battle of Kinsale (1602) and the Tudor conquest of Ireland, several Irish leaders escaped and were exiled in Galicia followed by supporters and catholic bishops, like Red Hugh O´Donell and Donald Cam O´Sullivan. O´Donell visited the abandoned, in that time, O´Brian´s Tower as a homage to his ancestors, and the O’Sullivan clan claimed a descent from the mythological followers of Mil who were the first Celts to colonize Innis Fáil, their “island of destiny”. Other example is Edmund O´Dempsey, Bishop of Leighlin. The Bishop O´Dempsey was as well a prominent member of the Confederation of Kilkeny and were exempted from pardon by the Cronwellian victors in 1652. His loyalty to the Catholic King James II resulted in the loss of his states. After several months inMadrid he moved to the Celtic mythic End of the World Finisterre where spent the rest of his life. Died in 1658 and buried in “the Milesians mansion” in his own words.
Before the arrival of the Milesians, Ireland was colonized by the People Tuatha De Danan or People of Dana (Tuatha or treba in Galician), which carried the Lia Fail or Stone of Destiny which is still the Coronation Stone of Westminster conserved in the Edimburg Castle. Acording the old tradition, the granitic stone was moved from theLand of Death, which it´s theLand of Life and Light as well, the kingdom of Brigantia (Bergantiños is the name of the vaste county situated in its coast around Corunna). Its fact was represented into the chairs of the Assembly Hall of the Palace of theTown Hall of Corunna.